oficiorojo:

"Yo estoy aquí, y me quedaré aquí": Salvador Allende

- Eran las 9 y 10 de la mañana del 11 de septiembre de 1973. El Presidente de la República de Chile, Salvador Allende Gossens, aguardaba apertrechado en su oficina del Palacio de La Moneda, los disparos de avión sobre el recinto que perforaban los muros de la historia chilena como el suceso más artero y cobarde de la historia contemporánea del país. Augusto Pinochet traicionaba a su mandatario y lideraba un golpe de Estado que, para ese día, terminaría con la vida del primer gobernante socialista libremente elegido en la historia de Latinoamérica. Unas horas  antes, Allende se dirigía al pueblo y a los trabajadores de la nación y aseguraba que se quedaría defendiendo el mandato popular: “…yo estoy aquí, en el Palacio de Gobierno, y me quedaré aquí defendiendo al Gobierno que represento por voluntad del pueblo”. Pero horas después, tras confirmarse el levantamiento de militares y policías, el Presidente acusaba a los sublevados y decidía no renunciar, en su última alocución al pueblo, a través de Radio Magallanes:  ”Colocado en un tránsito histórico, pagaré con mi vida la lealtad del pueblo. Y les digo que tengo la certeza de que la semilla que hemos entregado a la conciencia digna de miles y miles de chilenos, no podrá ser segada definitivamente. Tienen la fuerza, podrán avasallarnos, pero no se detienen los procesos sociales ni con el crimen ni con la fuerza. La historia es nuestra y la hacen los pueblos”. Pinochet sembró terror en todo Chile durante 17 años. Los seguidores de Allende fueron perseguidos, torturados y asesinados, hasta su retiro del Ejército en 1998, ocho años después de entregar el poder a la “transición democrática”. Hoy, los resabios de aquel Golpe permanecen. La constitución chilena es prácticamente la misma desde el pinochetismo, y la memoria de Allende truena como un rayo sobre la conciencia del Gobierno nacional que en los hechos sigue sin dar justicia a los deudos de la masacre. No obstante, el ejemplo revolucionario del gran Salvador, sigue inspirando la rebeldía de todo un país, que sigue llamándolo “Presidente”, estremeciendo las almas de un pueblo que no olvida. Foto: Los lentes de Salvador Allende encontrados entre los escombros del Palacio de La Moneda tras el Golpe de Estado, son exhibidos en el Museo Histórico Nacional.   

(via afroxander)

disregardedhistory:

Anne Frank’s Diary.

twelfththirteen:

The Library of Congress has made a ton of images available of women working during WWII — actual real-life riveting Rosies. You can see a bunch more at Stuff Mom Never Told You.

brown rosies forever

(via glintglimmergleam)

Dismantling the Berlin Wall, 1989.

Happy would-have-been 85th birthday, Anne Frank.

Happy birthday, as well, to all those throughout the year, to the more than one million murdered children who never saw the age of 16 that history textbooks seem to have forgotten.

the-hero-of-ages:

Questions about the Armenian Genocide that I wish were frequently asked

1. What is the Armenian Genocide?

The Armenian Genocide was the systematic deportation and massacre of 1.5 million of the 2 million Armenians living in the Ottoman Empire.

2. Why is April 24th the anniversary?

On April 24th, 1915, Turkish officials rounded up hundreds of Armenian community leaders and executed them. They would be the first of many Armenians to be murdered in the coming years.

3. I heard Armenians made this all up. How can we be so sure there actually was a genocide?

The evidence is so overwhelming to a point where the only historians to make claims that there was no genocide were found to have gotten huge research grants from the Turkish government. The Armenian Genocide is historical fact. This isn’t a debate.

4. What was “systematic” about the Genocide?

The Young Turks had a plan from the beginning and they executed that plan just as it was drawn up. First they drafted the Armenian male population between the ages of 20-45 into their army. Then they “requested” the Armenian population to turn their guns over to the government to help in the war effort.(The genocide took place during World War 1)  At this point, Armenian soldiers in the Turkish Army are deprived of their uniforms and arms. And then the events on April 24th, 1915 that I described earlier transpired. After that, the army began killing at will. Armenian homes had no means of defense. Mass deportations ended in mass graves.

5. Who or what are the Young Turks?

The Young Turks was a Turkish Nationalist Reform Party. It was led by Talaat Pasha, Enver Pasha, and Djemal Pasha. These three together were known as a dictatorial triumvirate.

6. Why won’t the United States recognize the genocide?

This may seem so small and so simple but it’s the truth… Army bases. The US doesn’t want to lose Turkey as an ally because they’d lose a critical/strategic safe zone in the middle east if they did. You could also argue they just don’t want to stir up trouble in a region of the world where more trouble doesn’t need stirring up.

This is just a quick little summary. If anyone has anymore questions regarding the Genocide please ask me! I will answer everything to the best of my knowledge!

(via ashkenazi-autie-deactivated2014)

lamaschingonaa:

71 years since the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising.

indypendenthistory:

"He who saves a single soul , saves the world entire" The Jewish Inscription on Schindler’s ring given to him by the Jews at Brunnlitz.

(via mermaideleh)

movingbeyondborders:

February 2, 1848 - The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo is signed between the United States and Mexico, ending the Mexican-American War.
The war began two years earlier over the loss of Texas and The U.S.’s desire for more of Mexico’s northern lands, including California, Arizona, and New Mexico.
The Americans had captured Mexico City by September of 1847. When Mexico was forced to enter negotiations to end the war, it lost nearly half of its land to the United States, including California, New Mexico, Arizona, Utah, Colorado, and Texas. 
Those articles of the Treaty which guaranteed the rights of Mexicans and Native Americans living in what became the Southwest United States were often ignored; many lost their land and rights and were not given citizenship until decades later. It is still common today for the Border Patrol to deport U.S. citizens, they say, “by mistake”.
Many historians view Santa Anna, then the self-declared president of Mexico, as “perhaps the principal inhabitant of even today’s pantheon of ‘those who failed the nation’”, because of Santa Anna’s own personal motives and militaristic failures that resulted in the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.

movingbeyondborders:

February 2, 1848 - The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo is signed between the United States and Mexico, ending the Mexican-American War.

The war began two years earlier over the loss of Texas and The U.S.’s desire for more of Mexico’s northern lands, including California, Arizona, and New Mexico.

The Americans had captured Mexico City by September of 1847. When Mexico was forced to enter negotiations to end the war, it lost nearly half of its land to the United States, including California, New Mexico, Arizona, Utah, Colorado, and Texas. 

Those articles of the Treaty which guaranteed the rights of Mexicans and Native Americans living in what became the Southwest United States were often ignored; many lost their land and rights and were not given citizenship until decades later. It is still common today for the Border Patrol to deport U.S. citizens, they say, “by mistake”.

Many historians view Santa Anna, then the self-declared president of Mexico, as “perhaps the principal inhabitant of even today’s pantheon of ‘those who failed the nation’”, because of Santa Anna’s own personal motives and militaristic failures that resulted in the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.

jackiekashian:

1.5 million of my grandparent’s generation were systematically rounded up, shot, marched and variously killed. My grandmother was marched out of Turkey, after watching neighbors and siblings die, taken so quickly from her village that, “we had to leave bread still in the oven.” My grandparents were from two small villages in Turkey, dispossessed of their lands, attacked, abused and starved. If that’s not genocide…dictionaries need to be rewritten. The world does not know of this, countries do not acknowlegde it. It was almost 100 years ago, but no healing can happen without acknowledgment. Jackie Kashian And, now, other people’s statements:
jamesadomian:

Today marks the beginning of the Armenian Genocide, when on April 24, 1915, the Turks rounded up and murdered the Armenian intellectuals in Istanbul. Over the next eight years, over 1.5 million Armenians - more than half of all Armenians - died at the hands of the Ottoman Empire and their Turkish successors. The survivors were subjected to unspeakable atrocities in an attempt to erase the Armenian people completely. My family is directly descended from murdered Armenians and lucky survivors from the city of Van. As we approach the 100th anniversary of the genocide, two years from now, we demand that the world community, including the United States and especially Turkey, recognize these historic atrocities and take immediate steps toward peace, understanding, restitution and respect.
abcd-epik:

Infographic Poster - The Armenian Genocide by Kiara.W
for those who can’t seered circles = massacres arrows = death marches dark orange = current armeniaorange = historic armenia [now turkish territory]58% of total population dead1,500,00 men,women & childrenThe appalling incidents of the genocide against the armenian population by  the Ottoman government from 1915-1923 result in the death of the entire population of historic armenia at the eastern extremity of Anatolia.Yet this genocide has been misinterpreted as a transfer of Armenian people or deportations. However due to the governments control of press and telegraphs the Armenian massacre occurred outside the eyes of the international press
90% of land and property lostnearly all of historic Armenia
Along with the loss of life, the Armenian population lost goods and property through systematic state confiscation. Through mass deportations, Armenians were forced to leave non-transportable property behind such as homes,farms,buildings,lands and personal wealth. Goods and property were passed over to the government and thus it was controlled by other government officials. With this control the continued genocide and deportation of Armenians continued without much resistance .  

jackiekashian:

1.5 million of my grandparent’s generation were systematically rounded up, shot, marched and variously killed. My grandmother was marched out of Turkey, after watching neighbors and siblings die, taken so quickly from her village that, “we had to leave bread still in the oven.” My grandparents were from two small villages in Turkey, dispossessed of their lands, attacked, abused and starved. If that’s not genocide…dictionaries need to be rewritten. The world does not know of this, countries do not acknowlegde it. It was almost 100 years ago, but no healing can happen without acknowledgment. Jackie Kashian And, now, other people’s statements:

jamesadomian:

Today marks the beginning of the Armenian Genocide, when on April 24, 1915, the Turks rounded up and murdered the Armenian intellectuals in Istanbul. Over the next eight years, over 1.5 million Armenians - more than half of all Armenians - died at the hands of the Ottoman Empire and their Turkish successors. The survivors were subjected to unspeakable atrocities in an attempt to erase the Armenian people completely. My family is directly descended from murdered Armenians and lucky survivors from the city of Van. As we approach the 100th anniversary of the genocide, two years from now, we demand that the world community, including the United States and especially Turkey, recognize these historic atrocities and take immediate steps toward peace, understanding, restitution and respect.

abcd-epik:

Infographic Poster - The Armenian Genocide by Kiara.W

for those who can’t see
red circles = massacres 
arrows = death marches 
dark orange = current armenia
orange = historic armenia [now turkish territory]

58% of total population dead
1,500,00 men,women & children

The appalling incidents of the genocide against the armenian population by  the Ottoman government from 1915-1923 result in the death of the entire population of historic armenia at the eastern extremity of Anatolia.
Yet this genocide has been misinterpreted as a transfer of Armenian people or deportations. However due to the governments control of press and telegraphs the Armenian massacre occurred outside the eyes of the international press

90% of land and property lost
nearly all of historic Armenia

Along with the loss of life, the Armenian population lost goods and property through systematic state confiscation. Through mass deportations, Armenians were forced to leave non-transportable property behind such as homes,farms,buildings,lands and personal wealth. Goods and property were passed over to the government and thus it was controlled by other government officials. With this control the continued genocide and deportation of Armenians continued without much resistance .  

(via sinidentidades)