twelfththirteen:

The Library of Congress has made a ton of images available of women working during WWII — actual real-life riveting Rosies. You can see a bunch more at Stuff Mom Never Told You.

brown rosies forever

(via glintglimmergleam)

Dismantling the Berlin Wall, 1989.

Happy would-have-been 85th birthday, Anne Frank.

Happy birthday, as well, to all those throughout the year, to the more than one million murdered children who never saw the age of 16 that history textbooks seem to have forgotten.

the-hero-of-ages:

Questions about the Armenian Genocide that I wish were frequently asked

1. What is the Armenian Genocide?

The Armenian Genocide was the systematic deportation and massacre of 1.5 million of the 2 million Armenians living in the Ottoman Empire.

2. Why is April 24th the anniversary?

On April 24th, 1915, Turkish officials rounded up hundreds of Armenian community leaders and executed them. They would be the first of many Armenians to be murdered in the coming years.

3. I heard Armenians made this all up. How can we be so sure there actually was a genocide?

The evidence is so overwhelming to a point where the only historians to make claims that there was no genocide were found to have gotten huge research grants from the Turkish government. The Armenian Genocide is historical fact. This isn’t a debate.

4. What was “systematic” about the Genocide?

The Young Turks had a plan from the beginning and they executed that plan just as it was drawn up. First they drafted the Armenian male population between the ages of 20-45 into their army. Then they “requested” the Armenian population to turn their guns over to the government to help in the war effort.(The genocide took place during World War 1)  At this point, Armenian soldiers in the Turkish Army are deprived of their uniforms and arms. And then the events on April 24th, 1915 that I described earlier transpired. After that, the army began killing at will. Armenian homes had no means of defense. Mass deportations ended in mass graves.

5. Who or what are the Young Turks?

The Young Turks was a Turkish Nationalist Reform Party. It was led by Talaat Pasha, Enver Pasha, and Djemal Pasha. These three together were known as a dictatorial triumvirate.

6. Why won’t the United States recognize the genocide?

This may seem so small and so simple but it’s the truth… Army bases. The US doesn’t want to lose Turkey as an ally because they’d lose a critical/strategic safe zone in the middle east if they did. You could also argue they just don’t want to stir up trouble in a region of the world where more trouble doesn’t need stirring up.

This is just a quick little summary. If anyone has anymore questions regarding the Genocide please ask me! I will answer everything to the best of my knowledge!

(via ashkenazi-autie-deactivated2014)

lamaschingonaa:

71 years since the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising.

indypendenthistory:

"He who saves a single soul , saves the world entire" The Jewish Inscription on Schindler’s ring given to him by the Jews at Brunnlitz.

(via mermaideleh)

movingbeyondborders:

February 2, 1848 - The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo is signed between the United States and Mexico, ending the Mexican-American War.
The war began two years earlier over the loss of Texas and The U.S.’s desire for more of Mexico’s northern lands, including California, Arizona, and New Mexico.
The Americans had captured Mexico City by September of 1847. When Mexico was forced to enter negotiations to end the war, it lost nearly half of its land to the United States, including California, New Mexico, Arizona, Utah, Colorado, and Texas. 
Those articles of the Treaty which guaranteed the rights of Mexicans and Native Americans living in what became the Southwest United States were often ignored; many lost their land and rights and were not given citizenship until decades later. It is still common today for the Border Patrol to deport U.S. citizens, they say, “by mistake”.
Many historians view Santa Anna, then the self-declared president of Mexico, as “perhaps the principal inhabitant of even today’s pantheon of ‘those who failed the nation’”, because of Santa Anna’s own personal motives and militaristic failures that resulted in the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.

movingbeyondborders:

February 2, 1848 - The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo is signed between the United States and Mexico, ending the Mexican-American War.

The war began two years earlier over the loss of Texas and The U.S.’s desire for more of Mexico’s northern lands, including California, Arizona, and New Mexico.

The Americans had captured Mexico City by September of 1847. When Mexico was forced to enter negotiations to end the war, it lost nearly half of its land to the United States, including California, New Mexico, Arizona, Utah, Colorado, and Texas. 

Those articles of the Treaty which guaranteed the rights of Mexicans and Native Americans living in what became the Southwest United States were often ignored; many lost their land and rights and were not given citizenship until decades later. It is still common today for the Border Patrol to deport U.S. citizens, they say, “by mistake”.

Many historians view Santa Anna, then the self-declared president of Mexico, as “perhaps the principal inhabitant of even today’s pantheon of ‘those who failed the nation’”, because of Santa Anna’s own personal motives and militaristic failures that resulted in the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.

jackiekashian:

1.5 million of my grandparent’s generation were systematically rounded up, shot, marched and variously killed. My grandmother was marched out of Turkey, after watching neighbors and siblings die, taken so quickly from her village that, “we had to leave bread still in the oven.” My grandparents were from two small villages in Turkey, dispossessed of their lands, attacked, abused and starved. If that’s not genocide…dictionaries need to be rewritten. The world does not know of this, countries do not acknowlegde it. It was almost 100 years ago, but no healing can happen without acknowledgment. Jackie Kashian And, now, other people’s statements:
jamesadomian:

Today marks the beginning of the Armenian Genocide, when on April 24, 1915, the Turks rounded up and murdered the Armenian intellectuals in Istanbul. Over the next eight years, over 1.5 million Armenians - more than half of all Armenians - died at the hands of the Ottoman Empire and their Turkish successors. The survivors were subjected to unspeakable atrocities in an attempt to erase the Armenian people completely. My family is directly descended from murdered Armenians and lucky survivors from the city of Van. As we approach the 100th anniversary of the genocide, two years from now, we demand that the world community, including the United States and especially Turkey, recognize these historic atrocities and take immediate steps toward peace, understanding, restitution and respect.
abcd-epik:

Infographic Poster - The Armenian Genocide by Kiara.W
for those who can’t seered circles = massacres arrows = death marches dark orange = current armeniaorange = historic armenia [now turkish territory]58% of total population dead1,500,00 men,women & childrenThe appalling incidents of the genocide against the armenian population by  the Ottoman government from 1915-1923 result in the death of the entire population of historic armenia at the eastern extremity of Anatolia.Yet this genocide has been misinterpreted as a transfer of Armenian people or deportations. However due to the governments control of press and telegraphs the Armenian massacre occurred outside the eyes of the international press
90% of land and property lostnearly all of historic Armenia
Along with the loss of life, the Armenian population lost goods and property through systematic state confiscation. Through mass deportations, Armenians were forced to leave non-transportable property behind such as homes,farms,buildings,lands and personal wealth. Goods and property were passed over to the government and thus it was controlled by other government officials. With this control the continued genocide and deportation of Armenians continued without much resistance .  

jackiekashian:

1.5 million of my grandparent’s generation were systematically rounded up, shot, marched and variously killed. My grandmother was marched out of Turkey, after watching neighbors and siblings die, taken so quickly from her village that, “we had to leave bread still in the oven.” My grandparents were from two small villages in Turkey, dispossessed of their lands, attacked, abused and starved. If that’s not genocide…dictionaries need to be rewritten. The world does not know of this, countries do not acknowlegde it. It was almost 100 years ago, but no healing can happen without acknowledgment. Jackie Kashian And, now, other people’s statements:

jamesadomian:

Today marks the beginning of the Armenian Genocide, when on April 24, 1915, the Turks rounded up and murdered the Armenian intellectuals in Istanbul. Over the next eight years, over 1.5 million Armenians - more than half of all Armenians - died at the hands of the Ottoman Empire and their Turkish successors. The survivors were subjected to unspeakable atrocities in an attempt to erase the Armenian people completely. My family is directly descended from murdered Armenians and lucky survivors from the city of Van. As we approach the 100th anniversary of the genocide, two years from now, we demand that the world community, including the United States and especially Turkey, recognize these historic atrocities and take immediate steps toward peace, understanding, restitution and respect.

abcd-epik:

Infographic Poster - The Armenian Genocide by Kiara.W

for those who can’t see
red circles = massacres 
arrows = death marches 
dark orange = current armenia
orange = historic armenia [now turkish territory]

58% of total population dead
1,500,00 men,women & children

The appalling incidents of the genocide against the armenian population by  the Ottoman government from 1915-1923 result in the death of the entire population of historic armenia at the eastern extremity of Anatolia.
Yet this genocide has been misinterpreted as a transfer of Armenian people or deportations. However due to the governments control of press and telegraphs the Armenian massacre occurred outside the eyes of the international press

90% of land and property lost
nearly all of historic Armenia

Along with the loss of life, the Armenian population lost goods and property through systematic state confiscation. Through mass deportations, Armenians were forced to leave non-transportable property behind such as homes,farms,buildings,lands and personal wealth. Goods and property were passed over to the government and thus it was controlled by other government officials. With this control the continued genocide and deportation of Armenians continued without much resistance .  

(via sinidentidades)

thecouscousqueen:

dichotomization:

Turkish official teases starving Armenian children by showing them a piece of bread during the Armenian Genocide in 1915.

………………

thecouscousqueen:

dichotomization:

Turkish official teases starving Armenian children by showing them a piece of bread during the Armenian Genocide in 1915.

………………

(via maghrabiyya)

singleframehistory:

December 22, 1997: The Acteal Massacre takes place in Acteal, Chiapas, Mexico. 45 people attending a meeting of indigenous townspeople fighting to keep their land, most of whom were members of the pacifist group Las Abejas (“The Bees”), are murdered. Las Abejas professed support for the Zapatista Army of National Liberation, including the Zapatista’s rejection of violent actions. The paramilitary group Mascara Roja, a group with strong visible ties to the Mexican government, carried out the mass killing. Many suspect the group’s support for the Zapatistas as the reason for the attack.

singleframehistory:

December 22, 1997: The Acteal Massacre takes place in Acteal, Chiapas, Mexico. 45 people attending a meeting of indigenous townspeople fighting to keep their land, most of whom were members of the pacifist group Las Abejas (“The Bees”), are murdered. Las Abejas professed support for the Zapatista Army of National Liberation, including the Zapatista’s rejection of violent actions. The paramilitary group Mascara Roja, a group with strong visible ties to the Mexican government, carried out the mass killing. Many suspect the group’s support for the Zapatistas as the reason for the attack.

(via mexicanisamerican)