February 2, 1848 - The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo is signed between the United States and Mexico, ending the Mexican-American War.
The war began two years earlier over the loss of Texas and The U.S.’s desire for more of Mexico’s northern lands, including California, Arizona, and New Mexico.
The Americans had captured Mexico City by September of 1847. When Mexico was forced to enter negotiations to end the war, it lost nearly half of its land to the United States, including California, New Mexico, Arizona, Utah, Colorado, and Texas.
Those articles of the Treaty which guaranteed the rights of Mexicans and Native Americans living in what became the Southwest United States were often ignored; many lost their land and rights and were not given citizenship until decades later. It is still common today for the Border Patrol to deport U.S. citizens, they say, “by mistake”.
Many historians view Santa Anna, then the self-declared president of Mexico, as “perhaps the principal inhabitant of even today’s pantheon of ‘those who failed the nation’”, because of Santa Anna’s own personal motives and militaristic failures that resulted in the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.
1.5 million of my grandparent’s generation were systematically rounded up, shot, marched and variously killed. My grandmother was marched out of Turkey, after watching neighbors and siblings die, taken so quickly from her village that, “we had to leave bread still in the oven.” My grandparents were from two small villages in Turkey, dispossessed of their lands, attacked, abused and starved. If that’s not genocide…dictionaries need to be rewritten. The world does not know of this, countries do not acknowlegde it. It was almost 100 years ago, but no healing can happen without acknowledgment. Jackie Kashian And, now, other people’s statements:
Today marks the beginning of the Armenian Genocide, when on April 24, 1915, the Turks rounded up and murdered the Armenian intellectuals in Istanbul. Over the next eight years, over 1.5 million Armenians - more than half of all Armenians - died at the hands of the Ottoman Empire and their Turkish successors. The survivors were subjected to unspeakable atrocities in an attempt to erase the Armenian people completely. My family is directly descended from murdered Armenians and lucky survivors from the city of Van. As we approach the 100th anniversary of the genocide, two years from now, we demand that the world community, including the United States and especially Turkey, recognize these historic atrocities and take immediate steps toward peace, understanding, restitution and respect.
Infographic Poster - The Armenian Genocide by Kiara.W
for those who can’t see
red circles = massacres
arrows = death marches
dark orange = current armenia
orange = historic armenia [now turkish territory]
58% of total population dead
1,500,00 men,women & children
The appalling incidents of the genocide against the armenian population by the Ottoman government from 1915-1923 result in the death of the entire population of historic armenia at the eastern extremity of Anatolia.
Yet this genocide has been misinterpreted as a transfer of Armenian people or deportations. However due to the governments control of press and telegraphs the Armenian massacre occurred outside the eyes of the international press
90% of land and property lost
nearly all of historic Armenia
Along with the loss of life, the Armenian population lost goods and property through systematic state confiscation. Through mass deportations, Armenians were forced to leave non-transportable property behind such as homes,farms,buildings,lands and personal wealth. Goods and property were passed over to the government and thus it was controlled by other government officials. With this control the continued genocide and deportation of Armenians continued without much resistance .
December 22, 1997: The Acteal Massacre takes place in Acteal, Chiapas, Mexico. 45 people attending a meeting of indigenous townspeople fighting to keep their land, most of whom were members of the pacifist group Las Abejas (“The Bees”), are murdered. Las Abejas professed support for the Zapatista Army of National Liberation, including the Zapatista’s rejection of violent actions. The paramilitary group Mascara Roja, a group with strong visible ties to the Mexican government, carried out the mass killing. Many suspect the group’s support for the Zapatistas as the reason for the attack.
A recently liberated Jewish man holds a Nazi at gunpoint.